Water is hard when it contains minerals like calcium and magnesium. You may see staining on your sinks, tubs, showers, and clothing. You may also notice less lather from your shampoos and soaps and even a feeling of film on your skin. All these are symptoms of the need for softened water. Hard water also causes a higher risk of lime scale deposits in household water systems. The negative effect of lime scale buildup is that pipes are blocked and the efficiency of hot boilers and tanks is reduced. This increases the cost of domestic water heating by about fifteen to twenty percent. Another negative effect of lime scale is that it has damaging effects on household machinery, such as laundry machines. Water softening means expanding the lifespan of household machines, and the lifespan of pipelines. It also contributes to the improved working and longer lifespan of solar heating systems, air conditioning units and many other water-based applications.
Water is softened or conditioned by replacing hard ions like calcium and magnesium with softer sodium or potassium ions. Water softeners must be regenerated** regularly, renewing their ability to remove hardness from water. Time-initiated or solid state softeners regenerate at a fixed time when their softening capacity is predicted to be low. Demand-initiated softeners regenerate automatically when they sense their capacity is low.
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